The Rock music
The rock is a genre of popular music, which developed in the United States and the United Kingdom during the fifties and sixties of the twentieth century. It is an evolution of rock and roll, but originates also from many other forms of music of the past decades, such as rhythm and blues and country music, with any references also to folk music. Musically, rock has centered on the use of the electric guitar, usually accompanied, in a rock band, electric bass and drums. The boundary that separates the general adolescent rebellion and the new awareness of the rock as an art form in itself was drawn in the early 1960s by B. Dylan and groups like The Beatles, The Rolling Stones and The Who. In San Francisco came the so-called counterculture: young white middle-class chose music because of their life experience, choosing the community life as opposed to the traditional family, sharing the work of the earth and making use of various types of drugs. The highest point of the golden age of rock was reached in 1969 at the Woodstock Festival, with artists like C. Santana, The Who, Hendrix and J. J. Joplin. In particular, Hendrix radicalized and distorted the sound of the electric guitar through provocative performances, transforming the musical instrument in a parody of the guns of war. While the Doors reinterpreted the blues with the poetry of their charismatic leader J. Morrison, in the other direction moving the urban rock of the Velvet Underground, the first example of multimedia union between music and visual arts, thanks to the influence of the artist A. Warhol. Since the 1970s, the rock continued to look for new ways: the progressive rock was born, contamination of a rock that hugged each time jazz, folk and avant-educated, whose leading exponents were Pink Floyd, Genesis and King Crimson. More direct, but equally innovative was the glam rock, where stood the taste for disguise and transgression, continued, albeit in different directions, by artists such as D. Bowie and Queen. During the 1990s has returned thanks to the simplicity of the origins of Seattle grunge movement, with extreme distortions of electric guitars, voices shouted, nihilism and desire for revenge typical of bands like Nirvana, who canceled the velvety sound of the 80 seconds, by blowing up the rediscovery of rock. More recently, bands like Radiohead have melted a rock and electric direct with the refined digital experimentation, between minimalism and research. Today, the rock has a number of followers of which is difficult to define possible directions: the surprise is still the cornerstone of rock.